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Climate Action
Sergey Khakimullin
Climate disinformation

Climate disinformation is the intentional dissemination of false information related to climate change and climate action. It can take many forms, from hard denial and conspiracy theories to softer, more insidious disinformation that seeks to muddy the waters by claiming that climate change is not man-made or as bad as scientists are saying and therefore requires no urgent action.

Climate disinformation threatens to:

  • Undermine trust in science
  • Weaken public support for climate action
  • Hinder policy implementation and international cooperation on climate change
  • Undermine democracy

In March 2024, the Commission adopted the Communication on Managing climate risks, in which we commit to combat climate disinformation.

How to recognise climate disinformation

1) Check sources

Confirm the credibility of the source by verifying whether it references scientific institutions, peer-reviewed journals, and reputable news outlets.

2) Pay attention to language and tone

Sensationalist language, exaggerations and appeals to strong emotions are all red flags when checking for disinformation.

3) Fact-check

Make use of independent fact-checking websites available to help you verify claims.

Resources and tools to counter climate disinformation

European Commission resources:

External resources:

What can you do to stop climate disinformation?

Tips from Climate Pact Ambassadors:

  • Report disinformation when you see it – many social media platforms have a function to report posts
  • Don’t engage with disinformation posts on social media as this will only amplify the message and give it more attention 
  • Help to spread correct information through your channels and networks, online and offline
  • Be aware of your own biases and get your information from diverse sources for a balanced perspective

What is the European Commission doing to counter disinformation?

The European Commission’s approach to tackling climate disinformation is included in the general policy on disinformation, centred around:

  • Developing policies to strengthen our democracies, make it more difficult for disinformation actors to misuse online platforms, and protect journalists and media pluralism
  • Raising awareness about disinformation and our preparedness and response
  • Building societal resilience against disinformation through media literacy and fact-checking
  • Cooperating with other institutions, national authorities or third parties

Resources to counter disinformation

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