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Climate Action
Artículo19 diciembre 2018DG Acción por el Clima

EU phasedown of HFCs fully on track

Companies have met the EU’s phasedown limit for hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) for the third year in a row, a new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) shows.

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Companies have met the EU’s phasedown limit for hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) for the third year in a row, a new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) shows.

The EU phasedown of HFCs – highly warming fluorinated gases (F-gases) – is implemented through a system of annual quotas allocated to producers and importers of these synthetic substances, used mainly as a coolant in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.

EU-wide placing on the market of HFCs in 2017 was 0.4% below the overall market limit set by the quota system, shows the EEA report published today.

The report on F-gas in 2017 indicates a substantial shift towards gases with a lower climate impact. While the actual use of F-gases in the EU increased by 3% in mass, the overall warming effect decreased by 2% (in CO2 equivalent).

From 2017, HFCs contained in cooling equipment have also been covered by the EU’s quota mechanism. As a result, the volume of imported F-gases contained in products and equipment last year was 8% lower than in 2016 – and the global warming potential (GWP) was 11% lower.

Globally, HFCs are regulated by the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, which sets limits on production and consumption and will come into force on 1 January 2019. Due to the quota system in place since 2015, EU consumption of HFCs last year was already 12% below its 2019 target limit under the Kigali Amendment.

Phasing down F-gas emissions is an important part of the EU’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Under its F-gas Regulation, the EU is aiming to cut F-gas emissions by two-thirds by 2030, compared to 2014 levels. In 2015, EU F-gas emissions fell for the first time in 15 years. In 2016, HFCs further decreased by 0.1% .

Key findings of EEA report for 2017 (based on reporting by EU companies in 2018):

  • EU met its phasedown limit on HFCs for the third year in a row.
  • EU-wide placing on the market of HFCs in 2017 was 0.4% below the overall market limit set by the quota system.
  • The supply (reflecting actual use) of F-gases in the EU increased by 3% in mass, but the overall warming effect actually decreased by 2% (in CO2 equivalent), indicating a move towards gases with lower global warming potential.
  • The volume of imported gases contained in products and equipment last year was 8% lower than in 2016, and the GWP was 11% lower.
  • Both the volume and GWP of the production of F-gases – dominated by HFCs – declined by more than 10% from 2016 to 2017.

 

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Fecha de publicación
19 diciembre 2018
Autor
DG Acción por el Clima