- climate change policy | international cooperation | ozone
LISBON, PORTUGAL, 27-30 SEPTEMBER 2004
Editors: Tom Batchelor and Flávia Alfarroba
The "Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" was held in Lisbon, Portugal, 27-30 September 2004. It was attended by about 170 technical experts and participants from 30 developed and developing countries.
The Conference consisted of the following sections:
Keynote papers that summarised the procedures for critical use exemptions (CUEs) for methyl bromide submitted to, and evaluated by, the Montreal Protocol's technical experts, and the results of their work; the procedures for licensing methyl bromide for CUEs; The impact of European legislation on pesticides including methyl bromide and its alternatives; an update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion; agriculture certification standards; industry-government partnerships for rapid registration of alternatives; technology transfer; and the importance of leadership in eliminating methyl bromide;
Overview papers that examined the development and implementation of alternatives in tomato and strawberry crops where most of the methyl bromide is consumed;
Scientific and commercial papers that showed the new products under development and the state of play for alternatives that have been on the market for a range of crops for some time. These papers were grouped into sessions on Strawberry production; Cut-flowers and ornamentals; Improved application methods; Quarantine and pre-shipment; Tomato, pepper and other vegetables; Structures, commodities and artifacts; and International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives.
Alternatives Fair where companies were invited to display and demonstrate products and equipment on methyl bromide alternatives;
Alternatives in use that consisted of summary presented by the co-chairs of each of the sessions; and
Posters were displayed that supported the presentations made by experts.
The major sponsors of the Conference were the Instituto do Ambiente (IA, Ministry of Environment), Direcção-Geral de Protecção das Culturas (DGPC, Ministry of Agriculture), the Technical University of Lisbon / Faculty of Agronomy, ADISA (Associação para o Desenvolvimento do Instituto Superior de Agronomia) and the European Commission. We are also grateful to Dow AgroSciences for a financial contribution towards the cost of the travel expenses for some technical experts.
The organisers gratefully acknowledge the hard work by all those that attended and contributed to the success of the Conference; and to those organisations and enterprises that sponsored the attendance of experts, participants and key events which helped to make this Conference a success.
The "Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" contains more than 300 pages of information. First, you may wish to download a copy of the SPEAKER PROGRAMME which shows the speakers and their papers according to the ten Conference themes (shown in red below). Secondly, you may wish to open the Zip or Acrobat versions of the full Conference Proceedings and print a copy. Thirdly, you may wish to view the Conference Proceedings and only select the pages and papers for printing that are of interest to you. In all versions the colour cover of the Conference Proceedings has not been included in order to reduce the size of the file that can be downloaded and printed.
1. International and national measures affecting the critical uses of methyl bromide
Summary of reports of the meetings of the parties to the montreal protocol on exemptions for the critical uses of methyl bromide for 2005 and 2006.
The impact of the montreal protocol and european union controls on methyl bromide.
Update on the review of pesticides in the european union and implications for methyl bromide and chemical alternatives.
2. Strawberry production
Strawberry fruit production: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
i. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Gounder, R. Mann, J. Banks and P. Fraser
Main results of trials on methyl bromide alternatives for strawberry fruit and runners produced in spain.
J.M. Lopez aranda, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, C. Soria, J.J. Medina, F. Montes, J.M. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, A. Martinez-treceño, D. Garcia-sinovas, E. Garcia-mendez, M. Becerril, A. De cal, T. Salto, M.L. Martinez-beringola, and P. Melgarejo
Substrates as an alternative to methyl bromide for strawberry fruit production in northern europe in both protected and field production.
Substrate system for production of strawberry fruit in spain and mediterranean climates.
J. López-medina, A. Peralbo, M.A. Fernández, D. Hernanz, G. Toscano, M.C. hernández & F. Flores
Use of 1,3-dichloropropene / chloropicrin for the production of strawberries in spain.
T. Carrera, A. Carrera and V. Pedros
The use of telopic in strawberry production in spain.
The use of fumigants and grafted plants as alternatives to methyl bromide for the production of tomatoes and vegetables in italy.
The use of biofumigation with new types of solarisation film for strawberry production in spain.
J.J. Medina, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, F. Montes, J.m. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, C. Soria and J.M. Lopez aranda
Strawberry nurseries: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
I. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Mann and R. Gounder
3. Cucurbits (melon, watermelon and cucumber)
Use of grafted cucurbits in the mediterranean region as an alternative to methyl bromide.
Low cost substrate adoption on cucurbitaceae crops: syntesis of experiences carried out in sardinia
The use of methyl bromide alternatives for cucurbit production.
4. Cut-flowers and ornamentals
Overview of alternatives to methyl bromide for cut-flower production in industrialized countries.
Alternatives to methyl bromide for producing cut flowers and bulbs in developing countries
Metham sodium as an alternative to methyl bromide for cut-flower production in europe and africa.
Production of carnations without the use of methyl bromide.
5. Improved application methods
A systems approach to replace methyl bromide soil fumigation.
J. W. Noling 1 and J.P. Gilreath
New equipment and improved formulations of 1,3-dichloropropene and chloropicrin.
J.D. Busacca & P.J. Tsakonas
Improved techniques for the application of metam sodium.
Improved techniques for the cost-effective application of steam as an alternative to methyl bromide.
6. Quarantine and pre-shipment
Preliminary results of an international survey on the use methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment.
Global protection of plants and the environment - the international plant protection convention and quarantine and pre-shipment applications of methyl bromide.
M.B. De hoop
Practical alternatives to methyl bromide for use as quarantine and pre-shipment treatments in north america.
P. G. Fields, L. G. Neven and J. Johnson
Overview of alternatives for the disinfestation of solid-wood packing material.
7. Tomato, pepper and other vegetables
Leading methyl bromide alternatives in commercial use for tomato production in different all geographic regions except the united states.
Leading methyl bromide alternatives for tomato production in the united states of america.
J.P. Gilreath & B.M. Santos
Protected vegetable production in mediterranean region without the use of methyl bromide.
Use of grafted plants and ipm methods for the production of tomatoes in the mediterranean region.
Adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in tomato and vegetable production in sardinia.
S. Leoni, L. Ledda , G.F. Marras
Alternatives to methyl bromide for soil treatment in latin america.
E. pérez montesbravo
Metyhl bromide alternatives project in lebanon.
Biofumigation as an alternative to methyl bromide for the production of tomatoes and other vegetables.
A. García-álvarez, A. Bello, R. Sanz, A. Piedra buena, A. Monserrat, M.A. Díez-rojo
Use of substrates for intensive production of vegetables in europe and mediterranean regions.
F. Tognoni, L. Incrocci & A. Pardossi
Dutch approach on alternatives to methyl bromide including a new development: hot air treatment.
W.T. Runia & A. Greenberger
8. Structures, commodities and artefacts
Overview: chemical alternatives to methyl bromide used for structures.
D. K. Mueller
Food processing sanitation top priority for controlling pests without methyl bromide.
Commercial use of sanitation, ipm and heat for disinfestation of flour mills and food processing facilities.
Methyl bromide alternatives used in northern and central europe for the disinfestation of structures.
henrik L. Lange
The use of controlled atmospheres and heat for the disinfestation of commodities, artefacts and structures.
The role of attitudes, economy and training in methyl bromide substitution: an example from the post-harvest sector.
J. Böye and O. Mück
Case study: the use of controlled atmosphere for pest control in lassie rice storage facilities (a sara lee company).
Transportable hermetic storage and vacuum equipment for disinfestation of durable commodities.
S. Finkelman, S. Navarro, M. Rindner & R. Dias
Integrated stored product protection methods to replace the use of methyl bromide for pest control in grains, dried fruits and nuts.
Disinfestation of chestnuts without the use of methyl bromide.
M. D. Anastácio & A. Pires
The use of sulphuryl fluoride in europe for structure and commodity disinfestation.
C. H. Bell
9. International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives
Update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion.
R.G. Derwent, P.G. Simmonds, S. O'doherty & A.J. Manning
International mps certification system for cut-flower production.
P. Van't hoff
Reducing the use of methyl bromide via eurepgap - the private sector holistic approach.
Industry-government partnership for the rapid registration of alternatives to methyl bromide - update of results in the united states.
J. A. Norton, J.J. Baron & R. E. Holm
The importance of leadership and innovative activities for the successful implementation of the montreal protocol.
L.J.M. Kuijpers, S.O. Andersen & J.I. Pons
International and national policies that have promoted - the reduction and phase-out of methyl bromide.
Effective technology transfer methods for adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in the soil sector in projects funded by the montreal protocol: the case of argentina.
The importance of technology transfer in the global phase out of methyl bromide.
d. K. Mueller
10. Poster abstracts, and poster-papers
The posters and poster-papers begin after page 275 in the proceedings
11. alternatives fair
Update on sulfuryl fluoride as an alternative to methyl bromide.
ECO2 products and services for mb alternatives
Heat and vacuum-hermetic systems
Commercially available alternatives for structures and commodities
Alternatives to methyl bromide in strawberry crops
Alejandro Peguero Martínez
Cultivit hot air treatment, the right alternative, at the right time
Sep 100, sodium azide-based broad spectrum pesticide
Effect of dazitol and methyl bromide on nematodes in tomatoes, compared with untreated control
Use of agrocelhone in cut flower production in southern spain
Móvilvap steam equipment for soil disinfection (movie file, not available for website)
12. Summaries of alternatives presented in the papers
International and national measures affecting the critical uses of methyl bromide
Cucurbits - melon, watermelon, cucumber (antonio lavadinho); structures, commodities & artefacts (jeff welker); alternatives fair - soil treatments (ricardo gomes);alternatives fair - postharvest treatments (david mueller)
Cut-flowers & ornamentals
Tomato, pepper and other vegetables
Improved application methods
Quarantine and pre-shipment
International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives