- climate change policy | international cooperation | ozone
LISBON, PORTUGAL, 27-30 SEPTEMBER 2004
Editors: Tom Batchelor and Flávia Alfarroba
The "Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" was held in Lisbon, Portugal, 27-30 September 2004. It was attended by about 170 technical experts and participants from 30 developed and developing countries.
The Conference consisted of the following sections:
Keynote papers that summarised the procedures for critical use exemptions (CUEs) for methyl bromide submitted to, and evaluated by, the Montreal Protocol's technical experts, and the results of their work; the procedures for licensing methyl bromide for CUEs; The impact of European legislation on pesticides including methyl bromide and its alternatives; an update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion; agriculture certification standards; industry-government partnerships for rapid registration of alternatives; technology transfer; and the importance of leadership in eliminating methyl bromide;
Overview papers that examined the development and implementation of alternatives in tomato and strawberry crops where most of the methyl bromide is consumed;
Scientific and commercial papers that showed the new products under development and the state of play for alternatives that have been on the market for a range of crops for some time. These papers were grouped into sessions on Strawberry production; Cut-flowers and ornamentals; Improved application methods; Quarantine and pre-shipment; Tomato, pepper and other vegetables; Structures, commodities and artifacts; and International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives.
Alternatives Fair where companies were invited to display and demonstrate products and equipment on methyl bromide alternatives;
Alternatives in use that consisted of summary presented by the co-chairs of each of the sessions; and
Posters were displayed that supported the presentations made by experts.
The major sponsors of the Conference were the Instituto do Ambiente (IA, Ministry of Environment), Direcção-Geral de Protecção das Culturas (DGPC, Ministry of Agriculture), the Technical University of Lisbon / Faculty of Agronomy, ADISA (Associação para o Desenvolvimento do Instituto Superior de Agronomia) and the European Commission. We are also grateful to Dow AgroSciences for a financial contribution towards the cost of the travel expenses for some technical experts.
The organisers gratefully acknowledge the hard work by all those that attended and contributed to the success of the Conference; and to those organisations and enterprises that sponsored the attendance of experts, participants and key events which helped to make this Conference a success.
The "Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" contains more than 300 pages of information. First, you may wish to download a copy of the SPEAKER PROGRAMME which shows the speakers and their papers according to the ten Conference themes (shown in red below). Secondly, you may wish to open the Zip or Acrobat versions of the full Conference Proceedings and print a copy. Thirdly, you may wish to view the Conference Proceedings and only select the pages and papers for printing that are of interest to you. In all versions the colour cover of the Conference Proceedings has not been included in order to reduce the size of the file that can be downloaded and printed.
1. International and national measures affecting the critical uses of methyl bromide
2. Strawberry production
Strawberry fruit production: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
i. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Gounder, R. Mann, J. Banks and P. Fraser
Main results of trials on methyl bromide alternatives for strawberry fruit and runners produced in spain.
J.M. Lopez aranda, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, C. Soria, J.J. Medina, F. Montes, J.M. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, A. Martinez-treceño, D. Garcia-sinovas, E. Garcia-mendez, M. Becerril, A. De cal, T. Salto, M.L. Martinez-beringola, and P. Melgarejo
Substrate system for production of strawberry fruit in spain and mediterranean climates.
J. López-medina, A. Peralbo, M.A. Fernández, D. Hernanz, G. Toscano, M.C. hernández & F. Flores
Use of 1,3-dichloropropene / chloropicrin for the production of strawberries in spain.
T. Carrera, A. Carrera and V. Pedros
The use of biofumigation with new types of solarisation film for strawberry production in spain.
J.J. Medina, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, F. Montes, J.m. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, C. Soria and J.M. Lopez aranda
Strawberry nurseries: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
I. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Mann and R. Gounder
3. Cucurbits (melon, watermelon and cucumber)
4. Cut-flowers and ornamentals
5. Improved application methods
A systems approach to replace methyl bromide soil fumigation.
J. W. Noling 1 and J.P. Gilreath
New equipment and improved formulations of 1,3-dichloropropene and chloropicrin.
J.D. Busacca & P.J. Tsakonas
6. Quarantine and pre-shipment
Practical alternatives to methyl bromide for use as quarantine and pre-shipment treatments in north america.
P. G. Fields, L. G. Neven and J. Johnson
7. Tomato, pepper and other vegetables
Leading methyl bromide alternatives for tomato production in the united states of america.
J.P. Gilreath & B.M. Santos
Adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in tomato and vegetable production in sardinia.
S. Leoni, L. Ledda , G.F. Marras
Alternatives to methyl bromide for soil treatment in latin america.
E. pérez montesbravo
Metyhl bromide alternatives project in lebanon.
Biofumigation as an alternative to methyl bromide for the production of tomatoes and other vegetables.
A. García-álvarez, A. Bello, R. Sanz, A. Piedra buena, A. Monserrat, M.A. Díez-rojo
Use of substrates for intensive production of vegetables in europe and mediterranean regions.
F. Tognoni, L. Incrocci & A. Pardossi
Dutch approach on alternatives to methyl bromide including a new development: hot air treatment.
W.T. Runia & A. Greenberger
8. Structures, commodities and artefacts
Transportable hermetic storage and vacuum equipment for disinfestation of durable commodities.
S. Finkelman, S. Navarro, M. Rindner & R. Dias
Disinfestation of chestnuts without the use of methyl bromide.
M. D. Anastácio & A. Pires
9. International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives
Update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion.
R.G. Derwent, P.G. Simmonds, S. O'doherty & A.J. Manning
Industry-government partnership for the rapid registration of alternatives to methyl bromide - update of results in the united states.
J. A. Norton, J.J. Baron & R. E. Holm
The importance of leadership and innovative activities for the successful implementation of the montreal protocol.
L.J.M. Kuijpers, S.O. Andersen & J.I. Pons
10. Poster abstracts, and poster-papers
11. alternatives fair
Heat and vacuum-hermetic systems
Alternatives to methyl bromide in strawberry crops
Alejandro Peguero Martínez
Sep 100, sodium azide-based broad spectrum pesticide
Use of agrocelhone in cut flower production in southern spain
Móvilvap steam equipment for soil disinfection (movie file, not available for website)
12. Summaries of alternatives presented in the papers
Cucurbits - melon, watermelon, cucumber (antonio lavadinho); structures, commodities & artefacts (jeff welker); alternatives fair - soil treatments (ricardo gomes);alternatives fair - postharvest treatments (david mueller)
Cut-flowers & ornamentals
Tomato, pepper and other vegetables
Improved application methods
Quarantine and pre-shipment