The objective of the EU–India climate dialogue is to deepen both parties’ cooperation on the reduction of greenhouse gases and enhance resilience to climate change.
At the 15th EU-India Summit in July 2020, both parties placed a strong focus on climate change and reaffirmed their commitment to the implementation of the Paris Agreement and to engaging constructively in its first global stocktaking in 2023. The EU and India committed to continue the Clean Energy and Climate Partnership established at the 2016 Summit.
At the EU-India Leaders’ Meeting in May 2021, both parties agreed to seek an even closer cooperation to combat climate change, speed up the deployment of renewable energy, promote energy efficiency, collaborate on smart grid and storage technology and modernise the electricity market.
India announced its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015. The NDC includes India’s commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% to 35% by 2030 from 2005 levels, increase non-fossil fuel energy to about 40% of total power capacity, and establish additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 GtCO2e through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
Examples of joint projects
- The EU-funded International Urban Cooperation programme (IUC) aims to strengthen the EU-India policy dialogue on sustainable urban development and climate action. It also supports the participation of Indian cities in the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy.
- The EU-funded Strategic Partnerships for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPIPA) aims to foster exchanges and collaboration among national and sub-national administrations, business communities, academia and civil society stakeholders in progressing toward the Paris Agreement goals.