The European Commission established the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) in 2000 to help identify the most environmentally and cost-effective policies and measures that can be taken at European level to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
The immediate goal was to help ensure that the EU meets its target for reducing emissions under the Kyoto Protocol.
The programme built on previous emissions-related activities at EU level, such as the first Community strategy to limit CO2 emissions and improve energy efficiency (1991) and initiatives in the field of renewable energy and energy demand management.
It also dovetailed with the EU’s Sixth Environmental Action Programme (2002-2012) and Sustainable Development Strategy.
The programme was coordinated by a Steering Committee and developed through a multi-stakeholder consultative process involving the Commission, Member States, industry and environmental groups.
First European Climate Change Programme
The first ECCP (2000-2004) examined an extensive range of policy sectors and instruments with potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- Flexible mechanisms: emissions trading
- Flexible mechanisms: Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism
- Energy supply
- Energy demand
- Energy efficiency in end-use equipment and industrial processes
- Industry (sub-groups on fluorinated gases, renewable raw materials and voluntary agreements)
- Sinks in agricultural soils
- Forest-related sinks
Each working group identified options and potential for reducing emissions based on cost-effectiveness, as well as impacts on other policy areas and potential co-benefits, for instance in terms of energy security and air quality.
One of the most important and innovative initiatives that resulted from the first ECCP is the EU Emissions Trading System.
Second European Climate Change Programme
The second ECCP launched in 2005 explored further cost-effective options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in synergy with the EU’s Lisbon strategy for increasing economic growth and job creation.
- ECCP I review to facilitate and support the implementation of the priorities identified in the first phase (5 subgroups: transport, energy supply, energy demand, non-CO2 gases, agriculture)
- CO2 and cars
- Carbon capture and storage
- Adaptation to the effects of climate change
- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships
Additional measures were investigated on flexible mechanisms, agriculture, sinks in agricultural soils and forest-related sinks.
A number of specific actions identified during the first phase were also further developed – e.g. the E2MAS energy audit and management scheme, the Motor Challenge Initiative and promotion of renewables in heating applications
Working group on flexible mechanisms
- WG1 mandate
- Records of meetings:
- 04/07/2000 - Summary of 1st meeting
- 19/07/2000 - Summary of 2nd meeting
- 26/09/2000 - Summary of 3rd meeting
- 25/10/2000 - Summary of 4th meeting
- 06/12/2000 - Summary of 5th meeting
- 10/01/2001 - Summary of 6th meeting
- 14/02/2001 - Summary of 7th meeting
- 14/03/2001 - Summary of 8th meeting
- 19/07/2001 - Summary of 9th meeting
- 02/05/2001 - Summary of 10th meeting
- Background documents:
- Interim Report: ECCP Working Group 1 "Flexible Mechanisms"
- Final Report
- Flexible Mechanisms – Working Group conclusions
Working group on fluorinated gases
- Working group on fluorinated gases - terms of reference
- Working group on fluorinated gases - final report (2001)
Working groups on agriculture and sinks
- Sinks – sub-group on agricultural soils – following on from the agriculture group’s work, this group considered the mitigation potential of improved use and management of agricultural soils. Forest-Related Sinks – this group looked at the potential for carbon sequestration in EU forests.
- Forest-related sinks - mandate
- Forest-related sinks - final report
Second ECCP Progress Report - Can we meet our Kyoto targets?
Working group on ECCP I review - 5 topical groups
Working group on impacts and adaptation - 10 sectoral groups
- ECCP II working group on Impacts and Adaptation (information relating to sectoral meetings and final reports):
- Impacts on water cycle and water resources management and prediction of extreme events: Final report
- Marine resources and coastal zones and tourism Final report
- Human health: Final report
- Agriculture and forestry: Final report
- Biodiversity: Final report
- Regional planning, built environment, public and energy infrastructure, Structural funds: Final report
- Urban planning and construction: Final report
- Development cooperation: Final report
- Role of insurance industry: Final report
- Building national strategies for adaptation (country reports): Final report
- Developing the Green Paper on "Adapting to climate change in Europe - options for EU action"
Working group on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships
- 16/01/2014 - Mitigation of climate impacts of possible future shale gas extraction in the EU: available technologies, best practices and options for policy makers
- 30/07/2012 - Climate impact of potential shale gas production in the EU
- 24/06/2005 - Methodology to Establish Leakage Rates of Mobile Air Conditioners in Commercial Vehicles (Trucks and Buses)
- 04/02/2003 - Study on data reporting and marketing and use restrictions
- 2003 - Study on Containment measures
- 17/04/2003 - Establishing the Leakage rates of Mobile Air Conditioners
- 02/2003 - Analysis of the economic and environmental consequences of a phase out or considerable reduction leakage of mobile air conditioners
- 05/09/2002 - Heat from Renewable Energy Sources: The RES-H initiative and related Directives